Throughout our lives we were always told brushing morning and night is necessary and important. This is because of tooth decay. Tooth decay, also known as dental decay, is a disease that affects large numbers of the world’s population. Scary isn’t it? So how does dental decay actually occur?
Dental decay happens mainly due to the plaque that forms as a result of the combined effects of food, saliva, and bacteria. When these particles accumulate, plaque forms around the teeth. The specific bacteria found in plaque produces organic acids that break down the enamel, causing holes in the tooth. These holes are better known as cavities. Plaque will start to enter the tooth through the cavity making it almost impossible to remove the plaque by brushing. This causes your dental decay to worsen and may have you experiencing toothaches.
Symptoms of dental decay may be missed. Identifying what is decay versus what is tooth simply sensitivity causes a lot of people to miss the signs. Once the decay progresses to the inner shell of the tooth, the enamel will have spots that become very white. When dental decay goes deeper, it hits the nerves. This will cause severe sensitivity when doing simple tasks, like eating and drinking.
Children and teenagers below the age of 20 are more prone to dental decay as they are the people who get a high intake of sugar in their diet. If you are determined in preventing dental decay, there are certain steps that could be exercised. Poor oral hygiene means your teeth are more susceptible to being infected. Anyone from young to old can carry out the basics of oral hygiene. These include brushing teeth twice a day, either in morning and night or soon after meals. Flossing of teeth could be done every other day. Additionally, one could go for regular dental check-ups.
A patient who is at a high risk of developing dental decay can apply a topical fluoride on the tooth surface to prevent the condition. Dental sealants are usually done on children. It prevents the formation of plaque on the teeth.